Kinds Of Pranayama

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Pranayama and Meditation

KAPALBHATI (frontal brain cleansing)
Yoga discover six main cleansing process, kapalbhati is one of the most cleansing process, other five is very difficult, not easy to learn, and need of many tools, like a warm water, salt, neti pot, etc., kapalbhati is very easy method , you learn easily in  fist day.
 Kapalbhati always start before yoga practice, because it is powerful cleansing method and  also powerful  method of waking up in the mind.
It is an excellent practice that massages the abdominal organs and improves respiration.

In this practice, the lungs are the bellows suck air in and out of the body. Associated with this flow of air are subtle pranic currents.
It refers that by this breathing exercise forehead becomes luminous and lustrous, which means all diseases disappears and body becomes pure, healthy and happy.

In English this practice can be called the alternate nostril pranayama, for air is inhaled through one nostril and exhaled through the other.
The alternate breathing helps to unblock the channels through which the Paraná flows. Further more, the flow of Prana through Idea (moon) Nadi and Pingala (sun) is balanced.
The whole body is nourished by the extra supply of oxygen and carbon dioxides efficiently expelled.
The overall result is a vast improvement in health. By purifying the brain cells, the brain centers are encouraged to work nearer to their optimum capacity. All stale air is removed from the lungs
The whole body is nourished by the extra supply of oxygen and carbon dioxides efficiently expelled.
The overall result is a vast improvement in health. By purifying the brain cells, the brain centers are encouraged to work nearer to their optimum capacity. All stale air is removed from the lungs.

UJJATI PRANAYAMA(The Psychic breathing)
Tension and Stress are associated with high blood pressure.
In Ujjayi Pranayama, by applying a slight pressure on these sinuses in the neck causes them to react as though they have detected high blood pressure, with the result that the heartbeat and the blood pressure are reduced below normal.
One becomes physically and mentally relaxed and the precise reason of doing it in many meditational practices. It induces overall relaxation which is essential for success in meditation.
It is a simple practice but it has many subtle influences on the body and brain, both physical, mental and bioplasmic as well. The slow and deep breathing causes immediate calmness in the mind and the body as well as bringing the bioplasmic body into harmony.
Furthermore, the sound at the throat tends to soothe one’s whole being. If one remains aware of this sound for a reasonable period of time to the exclusion of outer thoughts, one will feel immediate benefits.
People who suffer from Insomnia will find it extremely useful.
Those who suffer from High blood pressure will find that it helps to reduce the pressure even for a short period of time at first.
However, during this period, the body and mind will gain some much needed rest. In general we can say that Ujjayi Pranayama is helpful for all ailments that originate from nervousness or chronic stress.

SHEETALI PRANAYAMA (The cooling breath) 

The Sanskrit word sheetali means ‘cooling’ or ‘relaxing’. Sheetali is so called because it cools down the body and relaxes the mind. In English it is usually called ‘the cooling pranayama’ or ‘cooling breath’,

This Pranayama is helpful in high blood pressure and also calms down our anger. It cures constipation, skin diseases and the problems related to liver.

The people suffering from cough and cold should not do this Pranayama. The patients suffering from asthma and tonsillitis should have to do it under an able Yoga teacher.

SHEETKARI PRANAYAMA (The hissing breathe)
The sound shee or sheet is made during inhalation in this practice. The Sanskrit word kari means ‘that which produces’. Therefore sheetkari can be translated as the Pranayama that produces that sound ‘shee’. In English the practice is usually called ‘the hissing breath’.

Those who have many teeth missing or no teeth at all will find this practice impossible. We suggest that you do sheetali Pranayama or kaki mudra as alternatives.

This Pranayama is helpful in high blood pressure and also calms down our anger. It cures constipation, skin diseases and the problems related to liver.

KAKI MUDRA (The crow’s beak)
The word kaki means ‘crow’. This practice is so called because, during inhalation, the mouth is shaped like a crow’s beak. In English it is usually called ‘the crow’s beak’. It is also said that regular practice of this mudra leads to a disease-free, long life that is often associated with the crow.

This Pranayama is helpful in high blood pressure and also calms down our anger. It cures constipation, skin diseases and the problems related to liver.

This infringement is acceptable providing you:
1- Do not practice in a dirty, polluted atmosphere,
2- Do not practice in excessively cold weather.
The nose heats up and cleans inhaled air before entering the delicate lungs. If you breathe through the mouth then this air conditioning is bypassed. The induction of freezing and/ or dirty air directly into the lungs for prolonged periods may cause harm. Therefore, do not practice sheetali, sheetkari or kaki mudra unless you live in reasonably clean, mind surroundings.

SURYA BHEDA PRANAYAMA (The vitality stimulating techniques)

This Pranayama activates pingala nadi and therefore gives the practitioner dynamism to perform physical activities more efficiently.

BHARAMARI PRANAYAMA (The Pranic Humming Control)

Though this practice is called Pranayama, it is really more than a meditational practice. The word Bhramari means “bee”. The practice is so called because a sound is made which imitates the sound of humming bee.

Bhramari Pranayama is an excellent method of setting the mind and removing gross tensions. It can therefore be used as a method of preparing the mind for other meditational practices, or simply as a method of gaining tranquility during the stress time.

BHASTRIKA PRANAYAMA (The bellows breath)

This is wonderful method to purify the lungs of unwanted gases and germs. It is excellent for asthma, tuberculosis, pleurisy, etc. It removes inflammation of the throat as well as any accumulation of phlegm. It increases the appetite by fanning the gastric fire. It includes peace and tranquility of mind.
In this technique the lungs are used like a blacksmith’s bellows.

AGNISAR KRIYA (Abdominal Massege)
The Sanskrit word agni means ‘fire’; sara means ‘essence’ and kriya means ‘action’. Of course there is no fire, as such, in the stomach, but the essence or nature of fire can be compared to the digestive process. If the abdominal organs are not working properly, then the digestive fire smolders. Digestion is not as good as it should be; the fire needs to be fanned or stoked. In other words, the process of digestion needs to be kindled and aroused to encourage the best possible digestive power. Agnisar kriya does just this. It makes the digestive fire blaze.
Abdominal malfunction are common ailments among many people. The causes are often due to lack of exercise and inadequate massage of the internal organs. Many of us spend long periods of time sitting motionless doing office work, studying, watching television and other activities that require little or no physical effort. This leads to laziness and sluggishness of the entire body, including the abdominal organs. For this reason, the organs become inefficient and unable to perform their basic functions properly, leading to general bad health, whether conspicuous or inconspicuous.
In the  case of the abdominal organs, sluggishness leads to indigestion, constipation, kidney and liver problems and various other common ailments of the abdomen. Agnisar kriya is a powerful method of counteracting this condition, for it vigorously contracts and expands the abdomen, giving the internal organs the massage and exercise that they require in order to carry out their functions in the best way.


The Sanskrit word jalan means ‘net’. The word dhara means ‘stream, mass of flowing fluid’. Therefore Jalandhara is the practice or physical lock that controls the net or network of nadis in the neck. These nadis can be either blood vessels, nerves or pranic passages. The ‘fluid’ or stream can cover all these different levels of subtlety, for Jalandhara bandha will influence all of them.

UDDIYANA BANDHA (The abdominal lock)

The Sanskrit word Uddiyana means ‘to rise up’ or ‘to fly upwards’. The word bandha means ‘to hold, tighten or lock’. This practice is so called because the physical lock applied to the body causes the diaphragm to rise towards the chest.

The adrenal glands are regularized thereby giving energy to a lethargic person and relaxation to an anxious or overwrought person. The solar plexus is also normalized. This center is sometimes called the abdominal brain and it is the center of energy in the whole body. This center directs the correct flow of energy to all the different organs, whether abdominal, respiratory or whatever. Uddiyana bandha normalizes this center and thereby helps to regulate the energy level in the whole body.
The digestive fire is stimulated and all the abdominal organs are toned and rendered more efficient. The liver, pancreas, kidneys, spleen, etc., are all massaged and made more healthy; associated diseases are removed with regular practice.

MOOLA BANDHA (The anal lock)

The Sanskrit word moola means ‘root’ and the word means ‘lock’. Here the word means various things, it refers to the Mooladhara chakra, the seat of kundalini and it also refers to the root of the spine or the trunk of the body, the perineum. In English, moola bandha can be translated by the cumbersome name ‘the perineum contraction lock’.

It helps to awaken Mooladhara chakra and arouse the kundalini, by directing prana in the lower regions, called apana upwards. It also helps to transmute sexual energy. By properly applying the Moola bandha (anal lock) , you deliver profound therapeutic benefits to all vital parts and functions connected with the sacral region, including excretion, peristalsis, prostate function, menstruation, testicular and ovarian secretions, ejaculation, urination, and so forth. Furthermore, the anal lock Pranayama precisely those muscles, tendons, nerves and sphincters  required for male ejaculation control, which become easier and easier as a man masters breath control.










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